The execution of parliamentary supervision upon the executive power is one of the basic prerogatives of the Parliament. The Regulations of the Parliament stipulates widely the procedure of motions, questions and interpellations, the reports of deputies and the addressing of some petitions.
The motions express the position of Parliament in a certain problem of national or foreign policy. In the practice of the Parliament of the Republic Moldova exists censorship motions, it represents the most severe form of the parliamentary supervision upon the Government activity. The aim of the censorship motion is to hire a public debate on the policy of the Executive, in order to estimate if this one has or not political support from the Parliament side.
At least 1/4 of elected deputies, a motion concerning other problems - by at least 15 deputies, can initiate the censorship motion on the Government activity.
The censorship motion debates in 3 days from the date of deposition and adopted with the vote of the majority of elected deputies through secret vote. Other motions are examined in 6 days after the recording (registering) and they are adopted with the vote of the majority of deputies present at the sitting, through open or secret vote, at the decision of Parliament.
Questions and Interpellations
Deputies can appeal to the Government questions and interpellations. The interpellation consists in a demand in written form, addressed to the Government, through which it is required explications about the national and foreign policy of the Executive. The deputy requests an answer concerning the exactness of one or another information through the question. In the Parliament of the Republic Moldova exists the practice of unfolding the Hour of the Government, as a rule, it takes place on Thursday, during the last hour of the Parliament's plenum work, at which are invited members of the Government to give answers at the problems tackled by the legislators.
The Parliament is a representative institution at which the citizens can address petitions, requesting support for the removing of some abuses, for the solution of a situation or a problem of public interest. The petitions addressed in written form by the citizens are delivered for their solution to the qualified parliamentary committees or they are transmitted to the deputies to whom they were personal addressed.